Malta has been ranked as the second-safest country in the world again in terms of its exposure to and the capability of coping with natural disasters. The country ranks second after Qatar, as per the World Risk Report 2018 developed by United Nation University’s Institute for Environment and Human Security.
The report states that both the countries have a very low exposure to natural occurings like earthquakes, rising sea levels or floods. Also, both the countries have appropriate infrastructural facilities to deal with any such incident.
Countries like Vanuatu, Tonga, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands and Guyana topped the list with a high chance of falling victim to a natural disaster. Maltese face a 0.57 percent chance of becoming the victim of such an event, while anyone living in Qatar has 0.36 percent chances of dealing with a natural disaster.
“The index calculates disaster risk by the extent to which countries are exposed to natural hazards such as drought, storms or earthquakes, and by the degree of their vulnerability. The latter depends on social factors − such as, in particular, nutrition, public infrastructure, health care, governance, education levels and the state of the environment,” states a report by Malta Independent.
Katrin Radtke, Professor at IFHV and scientific director of the report said that nine out of the 15 countries with the highest risk are island nations. Also, 13 out of the top 15 countries with the highest societal vulnerability are from the African continent. IFHV calculated and updated the World Risk Report for the first time this year.